The representation of the working class people in autobiographies

Working-class autobiographies have long been recognized as worthy of academic attention. In Regina Gagnier's Subjectivities: An Annotated Bibliographywe focused on the relationship between authors and autobiographies or between selves and self-representations, particularly as mediated by class.

The representation of the working class people in autobiographies

In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: The Ethics of Working Class Autobiography: Tokarczyk bio Elizabeth Bidinger. Representation of Family by Four American Authors. In this text Elizabeth Bidinger takes up the often overlooked problems in writing autobiography that includes family members who, unlike the author, have not chosen to have their lives represented in literature.

Given that most recognized writers stand to profit from literary works, there is a power imbalance between autobiographers and their families. This imbalance is heightened when autobiographers from the working-class represent family members, whom Bidinger classifies, following G.

Thomas Couser, as "vulnerable subjects. In essence, working-class people do not have the facility with language or literary standing to represent themselves, and their ability to give meaningful consent is often compromised.

Bidinger further argues that the representation of working-class subjects is problematic because many Americans are biased against the lower socioeconomic classes. Authors from working-class families often write with the expressed purpose of giving voice to those who cannot speak for themselves, or of representing an unfamiliar way of life to mainstream America.

However, good intentions do not necessarily correlate with ethical representation, which Bidinger finds compromised in many works. Her definition of ethical writing is somewhat vague, but she most clearly articulates it in the final pages when she refers to Lynn Z. Bloom's view that in ethical autobiographies the truth is conveyed through characters and story "untainted by vindictiveness or special pleading" Elsewhere in the text, Bidinger cautions against autobiographers demonizing or Orientalizing their subjects.

Bidinger begins with a chapter in which she analyzes some twentieth-century texts for their strategies in representing working-class relatives: In Dreiser's and Wright's work, she finds the genesis of the contemporary tendency to showcase family secrets, and in Wright's case, to distort familial characterizations for ideological purposes.

Yezerska's autobiography laments her distortion of family members' lives in her fiction while simultaneously continuing the distortion by glaringly omitting her child from her autobiography.

Maya Angelou's I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings achieves an aesthetic and ethical excellence because it presents family members as complex characters who enabled her creativity and ambition. Angelou neither romanticizes nor demonizes.

The representation of the working class people in autobiographies

Bidinger's discussion of this text is especially illuminating in presenting a model of an ethical autobiography, and in doing so, further explaining the extraordinary power of this work.

Richard Rodriguez's Hunger of Memory is seen as a noteworthy departure from the genre of ethnic autobiography. While most of these works represent the development of an ethnic identity, Rodriguez explores the transformative impact of an education that alienates him from his roots.

Bidinger is a keen, close reader and a skillful prose stylist. Yet it's difficult to place this chapter in the context of the book, for the works discussed here are rarely—if ever—mentioned later in the text. Bidinger also offers no rationale for beginning with works written in the early twentieth century when, as she briefly notes, Ben Franklin's autobiography, slave narratives, captivity narratives, and many other forms of personal writing existed before the American republic.

Finally, while Bidinger is well versed in the scholarship on autobiography, she seems unfamiliar with that in working-class studies, with the exception of Richard Sennett and Jonathan Cobb's The Hidden Injuries of Class.

The Ethics of Working Class Autobiography is, unfortunately, weak on class analysis. The body of the book is comprised of four chapters, each of which focuses on a contemporary autobiography.

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View freely available titles:The historical under-representation of working-class people in literature The negative aspects of capitalism - competitiveness, selfishness, materialism.

The s and Margaret Thatcher's damaging ethos of the individual. Mar 15,  · In this occasional series I want to rediscover the autobiographies of working class people that have been forgotten or marginalised. They are important in understanding how and why people become activists.

The Ethics of Working Class Autobiography: Representation of Family by Four American Authors Elizabeth Bidinger. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co. pp. $ Writing is a dangerous business, and writing about one's self, one's life, and those one has encountered is especially fraught with peril.

The Ethics of Working Class Autobiography: Representation of Family by Four American Authors (review) Michelle M. Tokarczyk Biography, Volume 30, Number 2, Spring , pp. (Review).

uses of literacy’ Gagnier asserts that working-class autobiography has altered the genre of autobiography, as it has been conceived in literary studies. More recently, in her research project, Claire Lynch reconsiders the texts cited by Burnett et al in The Autobiography of .

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