On Civil Disobedience is another common title. The word civil has several definitions. The one that is intended in this case is "relating to citizens and their interrelations with one another or with the state", and so civil disobedience means "disobedience to the state". Sometimes people assume that civil in this case means "observing accepted social forms; polite" which would make civil disobedience something like polite, orderly disobedience.
He was the third of four children.
He was named after a recently deceased paternal uncle, David Thoreau, but since everyone always called him Henry, he eventually changed his name to Henry David, although he never petitioned to make a legal name change.
Henry's father was a businessman and active in the Concord Fire Society. His mother spent her time raising Henry and his three siblings, Helen, John and Sophia. Henry's older siblings, Helen and John, Jr.
When it was decided that their brother should go to Harvard, as had his grandfather before him, they contributed from their teaching salaries to help pay his expenses.
While at college, Thoreau studied Latin and Greek grammar and composition, and took classes in a wide variety of subjects, including mathematics, English, history, philosophy, and four different modern languages. During his Harvard years he was exposed to the writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson, who later became his chief mentor and friend.
After graduating in and into the early s Thoreau was occupied as a schoolteacher and tutor. A canoe trip in convinced him that he should not persue a schoolteacher's career but should instead aim to become established as a poet of nature. In he was invited to live in the Emerson household, where he remained intermittently until He served as handyman and assistant to Emerson, helping to edit and contributing poetry and prose to the transcendentalist magazine, The Dial.
He stayed there for two years, two months and two days, sometimes traveling into Concord for supplies and eating with his family about once a week.
Friends and family also visited him at his cabin, where he spent nearly every night. While at Walden, Thoreau did an incredible amount of reading and writing, and also spent much time sauntering in nature. In Julywhen Thoreau went into town to have a pair of shoes repaired, he was arrested for refusing to pay a poll tax meant to support America's war in Mexico.
He spent a night in jail. His most famous essay, Civil Disobedience publishedwhich in its call for passive resistance to unjust laws was to inspire Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr. The journal he kept at Walden became the source of his most famous book, Walden, Or Life in the Woodsin which he set forth his ideas on how an individual should best live to be attuned to his own nature as well as to nature itself.
Thoreau left Walden Pond on September 6, After that, he resided again in Emerson's house —49 and then for the rest of his life in his family home.
He occasionally worked at the pencil factory and did some surveying work. By the s he had become greatly concerned over slavery, and, having met John Brown inwrote passionately in his defence. Thoreau, age 43 Aware that he was dying of tuberculosis, Thoreau cut short his travels and returned to Concord, where he prepared some of his journals for publication.
Although he never earned a substantial living by his writings, his works fill 20 volumes. Thoreau died of tuberculosis on May 6,at the age of History is rife with examples of oppressive governments.
The present is rife with examples of oppressive governments. You can name your own examples. After news of Thoreau’s arrest spread throughout the town, an unidentified woman promptly arrived at the jail to pay Thoreau’s tax.
The woman was rumored to be Thoreau’s aunt, Maria Thoreau, but she never revealed her identity. A Literary Analysis of the Essay Civil Disobedience by Thoreau. 1, words. 3 pages. The Genesis of Civil Disobedience and the Civil Rights Movement in the United States History.
1, words. 4 pages. A Comparison of the Works of Henry David Thoreau and Martin Luther King. 1, words. Resistance to Civil Government (Civil Disobedience) is an essay by American transcendentalist Henry David Thoreau that was first published in In it, Thoreau argues that individuals should not permit governments to overrule or atrophy their consciences, and that they have a duty to avoid allowing such acquiescence to enable the government to make them the agents of injustice.
Resistance to Civil Government (Civil Disobedience) is an essay by American transcendentalist Henry David Thoreau that was first published in In it, Thoreau argues that individuals should not permit governments to overrule or atrophy their consciences, and that they have a duty to avoid allowing such acquiescence to enable Author: Henry David Thoreau.
Essay on Thoreau’s Act of Civil Disobedience - Thoreau was once sent to jail for refusing to pay his taxes and I support this episode of civil disobedience as justified.
Thoreau did not pay his taxes because he objected the use of the revenue to finance the Mexican War and enforcement of slavery laws.