Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers.
Shortened notes using titles Citing websites chicago style than publication dates would look like this in the article: When using manual links it is easy to introduce errors such as duplicate anchors and unused references.
Parenthetical referencing Further information: Parenthetical referencing While most articles use footnote citations as described in the above sections, some articles use a parenthetical referencing style.
Here, short citations in parentheses, such as Smithp.
Full details of each source used are given in a full citation, e. Cambridge University Press, The full citations are listed in alphabetical order, according to the authors' surnames, at the end of the article in a "References" section. Several forms of short citation are used in Wikipedia; see Short citations above.
The inline citation and full citation may be linked using a template see linking inline and full citations ; as with other citation templates, these should not be added to articles without consensus.
This is how it looks in the edit box: The Sun is pretty big Millerp. The Sun is also quite hot Millerp. This is how it looks in the article: References Brown, R The Sun, Academic Press. Notice that, unlike footnotes, parenthetical references are placed before adjacent punctuation such as commas and periods.
CITESTYLE While citations should aim to provide the information listed above, Wikipedia does not have a single house stylethough citations within any given article should follow a consistent style.
Although nearly any consistent style may be used, avoid all-numeric date formats other than YYYY-MM-DD, because of the ambiguity concerning which number is the month and which the day. Variation in citation methods WP: CITEVAR Editors should not attempt to change an article's established citation style merely on the grounds of personal preference, to make it match other articles, or without first seeking consensus for the change.
The arbitration committee ruled in Wikipedia does not mandate styles in many different areas; these include but are not limited to American vs. British spelling, date formats, and citation style.
Where Wikipedia does not mandate a specific style, editors should not attempt to convert Wikipedia to their own preferred style, nor should they edit articles for the sole purpose of converting them to their preferred style, or removing examples of, or references to, styles which they dislike.
As with spelling differencesit is normal practice to defer to the style used by the first major contributor or adopted by the consensus of editors already working on the page, unless a change in consensus has been achieved.APA, MLA, AMA Citation Generator for Free.
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Chicago/Turabian Basics: Footnotes Why We Use Footnotes The style of Chicago/Turabian we use requires footnotes rather than in-text or parenthetical citations. Footnotes or endnotes acknowledge which parts of their paper reference particular sources. Generally, you want to provide the author’s name, publication title, publication information, date of publication, [ ].