Quoting -- Explanation Should I paraphrase or quote?
Bibliography Definition Academic writing refers to a style of expression that researchers use to define the intellectual boundaries of their disciplines and their specific areas of expertise.
Characteristics of academic writing include a formal tone, use of the third-person rather than first-person perspective usuallya clear focus on the research problem under investigation, and precise word choice.
Like specialist languages adopted in other professions, such as, law or medicine, academic writing is designed to convey agreed meaning about complex ideas or concepts for a group of scholarly experts.
Colorado Technical College; Hartley, James. Academic Writing and Publishing: Importance of Good Academic Writing The accepted form of academic writing in the social sciences can vary considerable depending on the methodological framework and the intended audience.
However, most college-level research papers require careful attention to the following stylistic elements: The Big Picture Unlike fiction or journalistic writing, the overall structure of academic writing is formal and logical.
It must be cohesive and possess a logically organized flow of ideas; this means that the various parts are connected to form a unified whole. There should be narrative links between sentences and paragraphs so that the reader is able to follow your argument.
The introduction should include a description of how the rest of the paper is organized and all sources are properly cited throughout the paper. The Tone The overall tone refers to the attitude conveyed in a piece of writing. Throughout your paper, it is important that you present the arguments of others fairly and with an appropriate narrative tone.
When presenting a position or argument that you disagree with, describe this argument accurately and without loaded or biased language. In academic writing, the author is expected to investigate the research problem from an authoritative point of view.
You should, therefore, state the strengths of your arguments confidently, using language that is neutral, not confrontational or dismissive. Diction Diction refers to the choice of words you use. Awareness of the words you use is important because words that have almost the same denotation [dictionary definition] can have very different connotations [implied meanings].
This is particularly true in academic writing because words and terminology can evolve a nuanced meaning that describes a particular idea, concept, or phenomenon derived from the epistemological culture of that discipline [e. Therefore, use concrete words [not general] that convey a specific meaning.
If this cannot be done without confusing the reader, then you need to explain what you mean within the context of how that word or phrase is used within a discipline.
The Language The investigation of research problems in the social sciences is often complex and multi- dimensional.
Therefore, it is important that you use unambiguous language. Well-structured paragraphs and clear topic sentences enable a reader to follow your line of thinking without difficulty. Your language should be concise, formal, and express precisely what you want it to mean.
Do not use vague expressions that are not specific or precise enough for the reader to derive exact meaning ["they," "we," "people," "the organization," etc. Punctuation Scholars rely on precise words and language to establish the narrative tone of their work and, therefore, punctuation marks are used very deliberately.
For example, exclamation points are rarely used to express a heightened tone because it can come across as unsophisticated or over-excited.
Dashes should be limited to the insertion of an explanatory comment in a sentence, while hyphens should be limited to connecting prefixes to words [e. Finally, understand that semi-colons represent a pause that is longer than a comma, but shorter than a period in a sentence.
In general, there are four grammatical uses of semi-colons: If you are not confident about when to use semi-colons [and most of the time, they are not required for proper punctuation], rewrite using shorter sentences or revise the paragraph. Academic Conventions Citing sources in the body of your paper and providing a list of references as either footnotes or endnotes is a very important aspect of academic writing.
It is essential to always acknowledge the source of any ideas, research findings, data, or quoted text that you have used in your paper as a defense against allegations of plagiarism. The scholarly convention of citing sources is also important because it allows the reader to identify the materials [print or online] you used so they can independently verify your findings and conclusions.
Examples of other academic conventions to follow include the appropriate use of headings and subheadings, properly spelling out acronyms when first used in the text, avoiding slang or colloquial language, avoiding emotive language or unsupported declarative statements, avoiding contractions, and using first person and second person pronouns only when necessary.
Evidence-Based Reasoning Assignments often ask you to express your own point of view about the research problem. However, what is valued in academic writing is that opinions are based on what is often termed, evidence-based reasoning, a sound understanding of the pertinent body of knowledge and academic debates that exist within, and often external to, your discipline.
You need to support your opinion with evidence from scholarly sources. It should be an objective stance presented as a logical argument.
The quality of your evidence will determine the strength of your argument. The challenge is to convince the reader of the validity of your opinion through a well-documented, coherent, and logically structured piece of writing.And quotations are only one type of evidence: well-balanced papers may also make use of paraphrases, data, and statistics.
The types of evidence you use will depend in part on the conventions of the discipline or audience for which you are writing. Scholarly Writing Format for Academic Papers & Research Documents.
Knowing the correct & proper academic writing format is an absolute must and mandatory piece of knowledge that every pupil & scholar must be well equipped with.
There are stipulated guidelines and formatting protocol that you must adhere to for professional writing. About alphabetnyc.com Plagiarism is a common (and often misunderstood) problem that is often the result of a lack of knowledge and skills.
Our mission is to support the education community with a comprehensive set of resources to help students write with integrity.
By Gordon Graham. B2B marketing teams generate all sorts of content to get the word out about their products or services, including white papers, blog posts, brochures, case studies, and e-books. Block quotations tend to take over the voice of the paper, often overshadowing the voice of the author with that source’s voice.
Instead, if at all possible, try to quote smaller portions of the piece of text and incorporate these into your own voice. Academic Writing. Have you ever yearned for good essays, high-quality research papers, and thesis?Well, it is time you get your quality academic paper. Academic writing entails presentation of the well-researched article based on different guidelines with formality as required by the college.