Area possibly settled up to c. Area settled up to BCE. During the centuries following the fall of Rome inseveral European States viewed themselves as translatio imperii of the defunct Roman Empire:
Most Europeans have an opinion, however there are two main groups: The outcome of the debate, while far from certain, will have lasting impacts in terms of what Europe will or will not become. Immigration to EU member nations is not likely to decrease with the increasing trend of climatic change and the forecast of over two-hundred million climate, or environmental, refugees by Kolmannskog and Myrstad, A supranational United States of Europe may be better able to cope with the influx of immigrants and coordinate future disaster and relief efforts than the present European Union and may provide the impetus to bring the nation states together into a supranational federal state.
But before that can happen, the people and nations of the European Union must answer questions about their own individual and national identities. To forge a supranational European identity, the people of the European Union nation states must embrace their cultural diversity. It is only then that they can make a decision about what they want Europe to be.
Present day France illustrates the issue with their current attempts to grapple with immigration. And yet, subgroups exist. According to Roskin, immigration is not new.
But starting inmany Muslims arrived and fueled major racial tensions. Today, even second generation Muslims and Africans who were born in France still face difficulty in being considered French by the French because of their cultural differences and skin color. So they are discriminated against.
If France cannot accept minorities in their own country and consider them French, what is the hope of the creation of a supranational state made up of not just France and its many minority populations, but all the member nations of the EU and all of the minority people that exist within each separate nation with their own cultures and belief systems?
With the breakup of Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia into smaller states based on ethnicity and culture, the trend might very well be that of the formation of smaller nation states rather than the creation of a far larger supranational one.
Another major challenge to the creation of a European identity and culture arises from the need to reconcile the differences among the myriad languages that exist in EU member nations, as language is an integral part of culture.
Estonia is illustrative of the importance of a common language in a nation. After Estonia regained statehood in the post-Soviet era, Estonia discovered it had a problem regarding the status of a third of its citizens.
During the Soviet era, many Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians immigrated to Estonia and lived in that country and raised families for decades. However, they retained their own cultural heritages and continued to speak Russian.
As such, those who had immigrated to Estonia or were born of parents who had immigrated to Estonia during the Soviet era were declared non-citizens. Estonia took the stance that the laws concerning immigration to Estonia prior to the Soviet era were the only legal basis to rule on citizenship, and since these immigration steps had not been followed, claims of citizenship among the ethnic groups who had immigrated to Estonia were null and void.
Post Soviet Estonia provided a remedy in terms of allowing residence for those ethnic groups within the country, but they had to go through the immigration process which included a waiting period of five years along with the adoption of Estonian culture and learning of the Estonian language.
Language helps define cultural groups. Most nations designate an official language or languages. A supranational European federal state, if created today, would include dozens of official languages. But while this approach would not work for the people of Estonia, India, with its eighteen official languages Roskin,may provide an example of how a supranational state with dozens of official languages could function.
Citizenship is an issue that will delay European Union or a supranational European State sovereignty as well as sovereignty is still a function of nation states and the assignment of which creates state legitimacy. Relinquishing this prerogative would deprive the state of the legitimacy to speak in the name of the nation for which it exists.
Even if they are welcome, immigrants always leave the state vulnerable to the charge that it is failing to prioritize its own nationals.
Perhaps this is one of the reasons why immigrants are really unwelcome in France and why second generation immigrants still have difficulty assimilating into French culture. Immigrants, whether the attribution is fair or not or accurate or not, threaten existing national cultures.
To get beyond this perception or reality, nations must embrace the diversity within their national culture along with the distinctiveness that immigrants bring with them. Historically, embracing the pluralism of the societies within Europe has been a characteristic of all Europeans and may be a key component of a truly European identity.
Shortly after the First World War, the poet and essayist Paul Valery thus propounded an interpretation that enjoyed a certain influence. I call European, Valery argued, those peoples who over the course of their history have let themselves be shaped by three major influences, those symbolized by Rome, Jerusalem, and Athens.We are convinced that culture is a powerful asset.
Beyond its intrinsic value as a fundamental part of life, culture contributes to social cohesion, economic growth, job creation, innovation and competitiveness.
In the European Union, the cultural and creative sectors account for millions of jobs and up to % of our gross domestic product. Investing in network technologies.
Cultural Diversity, the European Union, and the United States Jun 18, in Analysis, Commentary, Federal Government, Matthew S. Urdan Print This Post The European Union is at a crossroads in terms of deciding what it is to be. REF Research Groups. Northumbria University, Newcastle is now in the UK top 50 for research power and has been recognised by Times Higher Education as having the biggest rise in research power of any university in a national assessment of research quality in UK universities. About. Digital log (i.e. a dlog) founded in January by alphabetnyc.com's founder Daniel Devatman Hromada originally covering political, economical, social, civil, cultural, computational, scientific and cognitive aspects related to the Presidency of Council of Ministers of European Union executed by Slovak Republic between July and December A.D. /
The European Commission drives European Research, Technology & Innovation initiatives that enable future technologies, software, services and networks. 5G, the Internet of Things (IoT) and cloud computing are drivers for a Next Generation Internet delivery more to people and the economy.
Digital log (i.e. a dlog) founded in January by alphabetnyc.com's founder Daniel Devatman Hromada originally covering political, economical, social, civil, cultural, computational, scientific and cognitive aspects related to the Presidency of Council of Ministers of European Union executed by Slovak Republic between July and December A.D.
/ At its last plenary session, held on 17 October , the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) adopted an opinion aiming to improve the EU space programme's outcomes and raise its profile.
The EESC supports the EU's efforts to remain a major independent space power, but calls for more investment in research, start-ups and business incubators as well as for a consistent application of.
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